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Alexandria Engineeing Libraries

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الاثنين، 24 مارس، 2014

Alexandria Zero Carbon City

Title             :   Alexandria Zero Carbon City
Author        :  Abd El-Aziz Farouk Abd El-Aziz Mohamed
Collection   :  Ph.D. Architecture 
Abstract:  
”Nothing else damages the earth’s environment more than our cities. As the world’s population has grown, our cities have burgeoned, and their impact on the environment worsened.” Sir: Richard Rogers, 2008 (One of the world’s leading architects & the book’s author ”Cities for a Small Planet”) Cities, like human beings, have the common nature of continuous change. Being called growth, deviation or expansions reflects the same sense ensuring that city is never in a stagnant state. Many cities around the world are facing the global problems such as the problem of running-out of fossil fuels and their increasing global demand, consequently the future of cities is limited because there is no longer enough energy to run them. It is the gap between the uses of fossil fuels and the exponential rise in the demand of energy which already resulting in the energy insecurity that will be a hallmark of life and in all countries in the next decades. Another one is the emissions of greenhouse gases arising from burning of fossil fuels to generate energy that leads to climate change and global warming. Egypt is one of the countries, in the hot arid region, that face these environmental problems. Sustainable urban development is essential to enhance the quality of life of the citizens, protect human health and to decrease the impact of cities upon resources outside the urban context. Thus, there is a need for zero-carbon cities which are urban areas powered by renewable energy techniques and technologies. This thesis aims to achieve the criteria of designing zero-carbon city and maximizing the benefits of sustainable technologies through an integrated planning and design approach. A ’bigger picture’ approach to planning and development is required to realize the benefits of preparing Egypt’s built environment for a carbon constrained future and recognize the Egyptian people the importance of the benefits of these technologies on the environment and their health. The first part of this thesis discusses the issue of the planning future sustainable cities and how to apply all the new innovative renewable energy solutions to the construction and operation of these developments. The second part explores and evaluates the effectiveness of existing and proposed carbon neutral and zero carbon development projects, and assesses whether they would be suitable for adaptation into the Egyptian built environment. The central focus of the thesis is the identification of characteristics of cutting-edge sustainable built form outcomes and illustration of their integral role in pursuing a more sustainable future for Egypt. The thesis case study in the third and fourth parts concentrates on developing of Alexandria city as a platform for a high quality of life where inhabitants can find the carbon footprint is zero. It presents the ways of new innovative strategies in the Mostafa Kamel Residential Shiakhaa, East District which generate energy from renewable resources in addition to waste-to-energy strategy which then runs an engine that generate electricity. It concerns with the transportation systems and waste collection problems which are considered the main keys to achieve zero carbon emissions that lead to zero carbon city. These renovation processes based on the site investigations and air quality measurements by resident’s questionnaire and air quality measurements tools.

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