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الاثنين، 24 مارس، 2014

Ecological Architecture: Theories, Design and Applications

Title             :   Ecological Architecture: Theories, Design and Applications
Author        :  Mennat-Allah Moustafa Khalil Mandour 
Collection   :  M.Sc. Architecture

Abstract:  
Every day, rising energy costs, global warming, water shortages, limited resources, growing population and an endless number of other factors are pointing to the fact that humans are living unsustainably. Our homes, offices, schools, community meeting spaces and all other buildings have the potential to not only sustainable, but to provide free energy (through solar or wind) and water (through catchment and bioremediation) to other needs (such as transportation). The building will be made up of materials that are built to last and once not needed can be recycled for further use, we have created a space that materially has much less impact than a traditional building. In three parts, the thesis promotes the above issues in an attempt to deliver the up-to-date ideas and technologies of the 21 st century to the architect and be aware of these ecological architecture issues, which can be summarized as follows: 2. Ecological architecture tries to set a relationship between natural and artificial environment by making contribution to the preservation and improvement of all sources and biotopes while meeting physical and psychological needs of man. Ecological architecture supported by sustainability which is the form of responding today’s need and balancing the usage of sources for next generations aims at catching a harmony between man and nature. 3. Ecological and green design can provide to minimize the use of land, conserve heatin winter and cool in summer, reduce emissions of pollutants, and naturalize the landscaping. The use of land can be optimized by designing multi-storied buildings instead of sprawling ones, and by efficiently allocating internal energy use can be decreased by using passive and active solar heating technologies in winter, shading and reflecting surfaces in summer, and efficient insulation, windows, lights, and appliances; externally, trees can be positioned to provide shade in summer and wind-shielding in winter; in some cases, low-grade heat ”waste” from thermal power plants can be used in nearby buildings. 4. Applications; this part illustrates the effect of ecological design in different regions with different climates such as tropical, humid climate, in the Arab world and in Egypt through the work of different architects British architectural firm Foster + Partners, Global architectural firm HOK and Arata Isozaki and Associates Co. Ltd. The objective of this thesis is to highlight on the importance of ecology and its impact on architecture.

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