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الاثنين، 24 مارس، 2014

The Open Cities Approach : A Prospect for Improving the Quality of Life in the City of Alexandria, Egypt

Title:   The Open Cities Approach : A Prospect for Improving the Quality of Life in the City of Alexandria, Egypt
Author:  Mai Mohamed Abdou Ibrahim Abd El-Naby
Collection   :  M.Sc. Architecture

Abstract:  
Urban development has been the focus attention of most of the planners for the past decades. It is a huge field of interest that needs not only being well studied, but also being implied to cities all over the world. In this respect, ”Open Cities” is a concept within the planning domain, which aims at providing equal services and infrastructure to its citizens as well as making cities more attractive to foreign population, who may be immigrants, visitors or investors. Hence, cities should be planned in a way to welcome populations’ and cultures’ diversity. This thesis aims at exploring the”Open Cities” approach in achieving cities’ urban development. It analyzes the spatial, socio-economic and administrative opportunities that can assist in the regaining of the cosmopolitan role of Alexandria in the 21 st century. Finally, it suggests a number of guidelines on how to incorporate this approach in the city planning and management processes in order to improve the quality of life of its residents. The procedures of achieving the research aim are the introduction of the factors of openness and those of urban development and their effects on cities to achieve the concept of ”Open Cities”.
Also, to conclude a plan that targets most of the problems facing cities, be it on the demographic, climatic, residential, commercial, social or political levels. By studying both types of factors and the relation between them, specific factors will be concluded to be used to achieve the concept of”Open Cities”.
The proposed concept and methodology of combining the factors of openness as well as these of urban development will be applied on the city of Alexandria as a case study. This will pinpoint and highlight the strengths and weaknesses of such an approach.
The presented thesis focuses on the research’s case study of applying the concept of ”Open Cities” on Alexandria, as it has always been the gateway to Egypt and the point of contact with other civilizations, especially those of the Mediterranean. From its foundational narratives to contemporary literature, Alexandria has been imagined as a cosmopolitan city, an urban space where people and cultures come into contact.

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