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الثلاثاء، 5 أغسطس 2014

Ecological Architecture by Morpho Ecological Design (MED)

Author        : Mahmoud Zakaria Shafik El-Temamy 
Degree        : M.Sc. Architecture
Title: Ecological Architecture by Morpho Ecological Design (MED)
Abstract
Sustainable and Ecological design approach must be an essential target for several contemporary architects. Hence, Morpho-Ecological Design (MED) approach by its central concept of ecological design, and by utilizing morphogenetic strategies, it deals with architecture as a material practice which is operated through the articulation of spatial, material and energetic interventions within a specific context. Accordingly, the architect’s responsibility is for identifying effective parameters that affect on design decisions, and by integrating them through CAD tools that are equipped with computational generative algorithms, these algorithms depend on concept of processes of developing shape through the interaction of system-intrinsic capacities and external environmental forces. In addition, CAM and CAE tools do a vital role to bring out the full picture that is not complete, but well integrated. Therefore, architects themselves have to devote their thinking towards natural, biological, morphogenesis and Ecological sciences, this is discussed through the part one with a new radical way where ecology is understood as the relationship between an organism and its environment. Here, the architects have to understand and explore the analogues between architecture and nature for deepening their sustainable designs. Subsequently, as a result of the integrating between architectural design processes and biological strategies of producing their forms, the challenge of formulating the theoretical concept of MED is a synthesized approach. This approach is based on ensuing the feedback relation between material interventions and environmental dynamics has been instrumentalised to serve the purpose of a richly varied heterogeneous space, these spaces provide choices for the individual and collective journeys of habitation that can also evolve over time in tune with the dynamics that facilitate them. Proceeding from this concept, the research through part two works on subject, environment, material and space that represent the four major agents of the central conceptual approach of MED so-called ’Performance-Oriented Design’ (POD). Accordingly, the part three initiates the research by intensifying on MED as an applicable approach for POD concept, which based on the cutting-edge softwares and technologies that rely on computational and analytical generation tools, that are used to unfold and simulate ’performative capacities’ inherent in ’Material systems’ in relation to the specific ’environment’. This is explored through several cases that emphasis on the concept of heterogeneous spaces, one of them is the main case study, Riyad J. Al Joucka and Jack C. Francis’s Hybrid BIO-Structure (HYBIOS) Project that is proposed for Middle East generally and Jordan specifically as an area of application.

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